Types of Dentists: Do You Need a Specialist or A General Dentist?

What are the Different Types of Dentists and How Can They Help?

By now, people are probably familiar with who their general dental professional is. As their go-to service provider, these experts manage people’s oral health, as well as taking care of most of their needs, which may include: preventive care, dental exams, veneers, crowns, fillings, root canals, and bridges. 

But what about dental specialists? What do they do, and who are they? Specialists are general dentists who have completed post-grad training. By completing extensive training in their chosen field, experts focus on performing certain procedures. Kinds of specialists include orthodontists, periodontists, oral surgeons, Prosthodontists, pediatric specialists, and Endodontists.

Click this site for more information about endodontists.

In most cases, general dental professionals perform most of the exact procedures specialists perform. Depending on the dentist and the patient, this encompasses a lot of services – anything from extracting damaged teeth to restorative and cosmetic procedures. 

But there may be a situation that general dentists will refer individuals to experts. The reason could be the procedure can be very complicated for them to do, the patient’s health, or maybe because patients feel the procedure needs a provider with more specialized training. 

Whatever the situation may be, experts recommend that people consult with their trusted dentists first and their referred specialists if necessary. If people choose to see experts on various plans, benefits can differ according to their plans. To help with the decision, people need to learn more about the kind of experts and their services.

Pediatric experts

These professionals need to complete four-year dental schooling and two-year residency training in dentistry for teens, kids, infants, and kids with special needs. These experts deal with kids’ oral health and take care of make young clients feel comfortable and welcomed. In some instances, they usually work with pediatricians to provide comprehensive oral and medical care. These specialists can find and treat issues relating to cavities and crooked or missing teeth.

How cavities are formed? Check out https://kidshealth.org/en/kids/cavity.html to find out more.


Orthodontists are dental professionals that have completed a four-year program and at least two years of residency accredited by the American Dental Association of Advanced Education in Orthodontics. They specialize in the prevention, development, or correction of irregularities of the jaw, bite, and teeth, as well as jaw disorders and facial abnormalities. These experts straighten bites and teeth with the use of wires, braces, bands, and retainers or corrective appliances.

Types of Dental Specialists

Oral surgeons

Maxillofacial and oral surgeons are professionals who have completed a four-year program of post-grad surgical hospital residency. They are adequately trained to diagnose and treat defects, diseases, and injuries of the mouth, teeth, jaw, gums, neck, and other soft tissues in the head. They usually deal with facial pains, removal of wisdom teeth, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, removal of cysts and tumors, dental implants, and reconstructive surgery for aesthetic reasons or trauma.


This branch of the industry is concerned with the soft tissues between dentin and outer enamels and dental pulps. They have certain training when it comes to performing root canal treatments; that is why they can perform complex root canal therapy, as well as other root procedures.


These specialists have gained additional certifications and training in replacing and restoring broken dentitions using bridges, removable prosthetics or dentures, and crowns. They find dentists to work with when it comes to restoring natural teeth, developing artificial substitutes for damaged maxillofacial and oral tissues, and replacing missing denticles. Additionally, they also have specialized schooling and training in areas like:

Traumatic oral injuries

Sleeping and snoring disorders

Reconstructions for post-oral cancer patients

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction or jaw joint problems


These specialists encompass the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of our teeth’ surrounding and supporting tissues, their functions, healthy maintenance, and aesthetics. These professionals diagnose and treat periodontitis and gingivitis or the inflammation of the gums. They also perform root planning, deep pocket cleanings, crown lengthening procedures, implant placements, hard tissue recontouring, or soft-tissue procedures. 

They examine gums, check if there are gum line recessions, and assess how the denticles fit together when the person is biting, as well as checks dentitions to see if they are loose. They also take small measuring tools called probes and place them between the gums and teeth to check if the depth of these spaces. It helps periodontists assess and find out if the gums of their patients are healthy.

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